With the Presidential Dollar series, for the first time in decades, lettering is being applied to the edge of a United States coin struck for circulation. Included on the edge is the date and mint mark, "E PLURIBUS UNUM", and "IN GOD WE TRUST". In 2009, "IN GOD WE TRUST" was removed from the edge and added to the obverse. This page will chronicle the edge of the Presidential Dollars. Here you'll find information on edge varieties and errors. Every variety or error can't possibly be listed. What will be listed are the more notable varieties and errors with emphasis on those that are collectible, i.e. in sufficent enough quantities to be available to any numismatist seeking one.
EDGE LETTERING INSCRIPTION
lettering includes date, Mint mark, "E PLURIBUS
The 2007 Dollars have a
"dot" between "E PLURIBUS
An extra "dot"
was added to the edge of the 2008
2007 P E PLURIBUS UNUM · IN GOD WE TRUST ·
2008 P ·
E PLURIBUS UNUM · IN GOD WE TRUST ·
Beginning with the 2009
William Henry Harrison Presidential
It was reported on this site, as well as many
RIGHT SIDE UP vs. UPSIDE DOWN EDGE LETTERING
For business strikes, the edge lettering is being applied in a seperate process after the obverse and reverse are struck. The struck coins are run through the edge lettering machine at a high speed without reguard to whether they are facing obverse up or reverse up. Therefore, coins are being struck with "edge lettering right-side-up" and "edge lettering upside-down" in relation to the obverse of the coin (SEE PHOTOS BELOW). "Upside down" lettering IS NOT AN ERROR. However, it is a nice variation to collect one of each type if one is inclined to do so.
The edge lettering on proof coins
is applied by a different process than on business strikes. It is
applied when the coin is struck.
PHOTOS COURTESY OF & COPYRIGHTED BY KEN POTTER
PRESIDENTIAL DOLLARS WITHOUT THE EDGE INSCRIPTION
|Immediately after the
George Washington Dollar's were released, a large
quantity of coins were found without the edge
inscriptions. Most were found in Florida. It is not known
exactly how many escaped the Mint, but estimates are as
much as 100,000 exists. These coins are minting
errors. This error will undoubtedly recur throughout the
Presidential Dollar series.
PLEASE BEWARE. There are unscrupulouis people out there filing down coins with edge lettering to pass off as genuine mint errors. Here is an off site article with photos of what to look for. Altered Washington Dollars Surface
On March 7, 2007 the U. S. Mint issued the following statement:
A Statement from the United States Mint
The United States Mint has struck more than 300 million George Washington Presidential $1 Coins. We have recently learned that an unspecified quantity of these coins inadvertently left the United States Mint at Philadelphia without edge-lettering on them. It is unknown how many of these coins without inscriptions on the edge have been placed into circulation.
The United States Mint understands the importance of the inscriptions In God We Trust and E Pluribus Unum, as well as the mint mark and year on U.S. coinage. We take this matter seriously. We also consider quality control a high priority. The agency is looking into the matter to determine a possible cause in the manufacturing process.
Production of the Presidential $1 Coin, with its unique edge-lettering, is a new, complex, high volume manufacturing system, and the United States Mint is determined to make technical adjustments to perfect the process. As we adjust this new process, we intend to eliminate any such defects.
Consistent with the agencys practice in such situations, the United States Mint has informed the Office of Inspector General of the U.S. Department of the Treasury about this matter.
DAY OF ISSUE GEORGE WASHINGTON DOLLAR WITH A PLAIN EDGE
JOHN ADAMS $1 DOUBLE EDGE LETTERING
A relatively large quantity of 2007-P John Adams Presidential Dollars were run through the edge lettering machine twice. Estimates are that 8,000 to 12,000 pieces exists.
These errors occur in
three different variations:
The Mint has taken steps to prevent this from occuring again. However, anything is possible.
Photos Courtesy of Professional Coin Grading Service
2007-S PROOF JEFFERSON DOLLAR
WITH EDGE INSCRIPTION OUT OF SEQUENCE
|An underterminted number
of 2007-S Proof Thomas Jefferson Dollars were struck and
released with the edge lettering out of sequence. Unlike
business strike Presidential Dollars where the edge
lettering is applied after the coin is struck, the
edge lettering on proof coins is applied at the same time
they're struck. The collar containing the edge lettering
is in three segments. One segment contains the date and
mint mark; one segment contains the motto "E
PLURIBUS UNUM"; and one segment contains "IN
GOD WE TRUST". Each segment is placed in the holder
by hand. The error occured when the mint employee simply
placed the segments into the holder in the wrong
sequence. On a normal proof coin, "IN GOD WE
TRUST" is followed by the date and mint mark. On the
out of sequence edge, "IN GOD WE TRUST" is
followed by "E PLURIBUS UNUM". Measures have
been taken to prevent this type of error from occuring
again. In a March 2008 statement, the mint estimated that
as many as 100,000 Jefferson proof dollars were struck
with the edge inscription out of sequence. How many were
actually released is unknown, but to date, only a handful
have been reported so check your proof Thomas Jefferson
Normal edge: 2007 S E PLURIBUS UNUM · IN GOD WE TRUST ·
Error edge: 2007 S IN GOD WE TRUST · PLURIBUS UNUM ·
2009-D ZACHARY TAYLOR DOLLAR BEARS 2010-D DATE
In early 2010, NGC certified a 2009-D Zachary Taylor Presidential $1 bearing the 2010-D date. The date on Presidential Dollars is applied to the edge of the coin in a separate step after the obverse and reverse are struck. This wrong-dated error dollar was found in a roll of 2010-D Native American Dollar coins that had been purchased via the United States Mint's Direct Ship Program. This is the first wrongly dated Presidential Dollar found.
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