The Native American Dollar
2009 - Present

This is the one place stop to find all of the information, facts, and figures that you will ever want on the Native American Dollar series. This page will be constantly updated as more information becomes available. Check back often.

Beginning in 2009, the United States Mint began issuing $1 coins featuring designs celebrating the important contributions made by Indian tribes and individual Native Americans to the history and development of the United States. The obverse design remains the central figure of the "Sacagawea" design first produced in 2000, and contains the inscriptions LIBERTY and IN GOD WE TRUST. The reverse design will change each year to celebrate an important contribution of Indian tribes, or individual Native Americans, and contain the inscriptions $1 and UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The law requires that at least 20 percent of all $1 coins minted and issued in any year be Native American $1 Coins. Like the Sacagawea and Presidential $1 Coins, the Native American $1 Coins will maintain their distinctive golden color. In addition, they will feature edge-lettering of the year, mint mark and E PLURIBUS UNUM.




Native American Dollar Obverse
2009 - Present


Native American Dollar Edge Lettering
2009 - Present




Facts and Figures:

Obverse Design Sacagawea and infant son Pompey.
Reverse Design Changes annually.
Mintage years 2009 - Present. The date is located on the edge of the coin.
Mints Philadelphia (P), Denver (D), San Francisco (S); Mint mark located the edge of the coin.
Composition Manganese Brass Clad
Outer Layers: 77% Cu, 4% Ni, 7% Mn, 12% Zn

Inner Core: 100% Pure Copper
Overall Composition: 88.5% Copper, 6% Zinc, 3.5% Manganese, 2% Nickel
Edge Lettered edge: E PLURIBUS UNUM 2 0 0 9 P
Weight 8.1 grams
Diameter 26.5mm (1.043")
Thickness 2.00mm
Obverse Designer Glenna Goodacre
Reverse Designer Varies by annual designs.



Reverse Designs on the
Native American Dollar Series



THEME: Agriculture - The "Three Sisters Planting Method". This is an ancient method of gardening used by Native Americans where corn, squash, and beans are grown together simultaneously on the same mound of soil. In this efficient planting method, corn stalks provided support for the bean vines, which added nitrogen to the soil. Squash provided ground cover, which discouraged weeds. Productivity was much higher (by some estimates as much as 30 percent) for the three grown together than each grown separately.

DESIGNED & ENGRAVED BY: U.S. Mint Sculptor-Engraver Norm Nemeth

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 39,200,000; Denver: 35,700,000; San Francisco: 2,179,867




THEME: "Government - The Great Tree of Peace" - The Hiawatha Belt is a visual record of the creation of the Haudenosaunee, also known as the Iroquois Confederacy, with five symbols representing the five original Nations.  The central figure on the belt, the Great White Pine, represents the Onondaga Nation with the four square symbols representing the Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga and Seneca Nations.  The bundle of arrows symbolizes strength in unity for the Iroquois Confederacy.

DESIGNED BY: Artistic Infusion Master Designer Thomas Cleveland

ENGRAVED BY: U.S. Mint Sculptor-Engraver Charles Vickers

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 32,060,000; Denver: 48,720,000; San Francisco: 1,689,216




THEME: "Supreme Sachem Ousamequin, Massasoit of the Great Wampanoag Nation Creates Alliance with Settlers at Plymouth Bay (1621)" - The 2011 reverse design depicts hands of the Supreme Sachem Ousamequin Massasoit and Governor John Carver, symbolically offering the ceremonial peace pipe after the initiation of the first formal written peace alliance between the Wampanoag tribe and European settlers. Within most Native American cultures, the ability to make peace was historically as highly prized as leadership in war and often conducted by a separate peace chief, who stepped in when the time for the warriors had passed. For centuries, tribes created alliances with each other that spanned hundreds of miles. One of the first treaties for a mutual alliance with settlers in what became the United States of America occurred between the Puritan settlers at Plymouth and the Massasoit of the Pokanoket Wampanoag in 1621. Historians credit the alliance with the Massasoit with ensuring survival of the Plymouth colony.

DESIGNED BY: Artistic Infusion Master Designer Richard Masters

ENGRAVED BY: U.S. Mint Sculptor-Engraver Joseph Menna

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 29,400,000; Denver: 48,160,000; San Francisco: 1,673,010




THEME: "Trade Routes in the 17th Century" - In keeping with the coin's theme, the 2012 reverse design features a Native American and horse in profile, with horses running in the background, representing the historical spread of the horse. American Indians maintained widespread trans-continental, inter-tribal trade for more than a millennium. The Native American trade infrastructure became the channel by which exploration, settlement and economic development in the colonial period — and later of the young republic — ultimately thrived. When early European traders ventured from eastern city centers into the interior lands, they followed trading routes still in use, often in the company of Native American guides and traders who had used them for generations. These routes showed the way to European explorers and traders and marked the corridors for future east-west travel. Of all the goods traded throughout the continent, the horse, spread by Indian tribes through Native American trade routes, is perhaps the most significant. The horse became perhaps the most sought-after commodity in inter-tribal trade. The horse's spread in Native American hands was so prodigious that it became the primary means of transportation and the nucleus of the ranching economy already underway in the western territories. These long-established Native American trade routes also provided the path for this primary means of transportation — a significant contribution to opening up the continental interior to the developing Nation.

DESIGNED BY: United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program Master Designer Thomas Cleveland

ENGRAVED BY: U.S. Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 2,800,000; Denver: 3,080,000; San Francisco: 1,189,445




THEME: "The Delaware Treaty" - After declaring independence, the United States signed its first formal treaty with an Indian tribe, the Delaware Tribe, at Fort Pitt, now Pittsburgh, on September 17, 1778.The reverse design features a turkey, howling wolf, and turtle (all symbols of the clans of the Delaware Tribe), and a ring of 13 stars to represent the Colonies.  The design includes the required inscriptions, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and $1.  The additional inscriptions include TREATY WITH THE DELAWARES and 1778.

DESIGNED BY: United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program Master Designer Susan Gamble

ENGRAVED BY: U.S. Mint Sculptor-Engraver Phebe Hemphill

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 1,820,000; Denver: 1,820,000; San Francisco: 1,192,690

Other Suggested Designs For The Reverse
of The 2013 Native American Dollar




THEME: "Native Hospitality Ensured the Success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition" - The reverse design depicts a Native American man offering a pipe while his wife offers provisions of fish, corn, roots and gourds.  In the background is a stylized image of the face of Clark's compass highlighting "NW."

DESIGNED BY: Chris Costello

ENGRAVED BY: Joseph Menna

MINTAGE: Philadelphia: 3,080,000; Denver: 5,600,000; San Francisco: N/A

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